Music and Sound Therapy
What it is:
Music therapy originated and continues to evolve today in view of 4 considerations well rooted in history.
In such disciplines as anthropology and ethnomusicology, music and healing are thought to be one of the many uses of music found in all societies, historical or current. With the emergence of civilizations, written philosophical, magical or religious accounts of music and healing indicate that music was perceived as having general therapeutic value and influence over one's soul, emotions, thoughts or physical condition. Civilizations embraced rational thought, music became increasingly associated with having influence over particular medical conditions and states of mind, either as a curative or preventive power. Through the Middle Ages and Renaissance, music was thought to cure plagues, alleviate mental disorders etc. The movement toward specialized areas of medical practice in recent history contributed to the emergence of modern-day music therapy.
How does it Work?
The philosophical orientation for any music therapist depends on training, the mission of the institution in which the service is provided and the assessed needs of the client. Approaches to music therapy are far ranging and to determine music therapy goals, whether by attempting to rehabilitate, maintain, restore, or improve a client's condition, two frameworks are provided. They are not intended to be mutually exclusive, and both perspectives have contributed to efforts to construct theoretical constructs specific to music therapy in terms of explaining the nature of practice and as the basis for research.
Who can Benefit?
Music therapists use a range of music activities such as listening, moving, singing, playing, lyric discussion and writing, and guided imagery and improvisation. The person's preference plays a major role in the choice of actual music or music styles to use. The musical instruments that are used are normally those that promote social interaction, such as piano, guitar and rhythm instruments. The manner of use for the person often facilitates musical expression quickly, without extensive rehearsal or practice. The therapist must be ready to apply techniques that are commonly used in psychotherapy or special education to help bring along the desired responses from moment to moment.
A wide range of disability-related conditions are helped by music therapy. Some of these area's include special education, gerontology, medically based acute care and long-term care. "Risk infants", children and students with developmental disabilities, autism, speech disorders, behavioral problems, physical disabilities and visual and hearing impairments can all be helped with music therapy. Others that also benefit from this form of therapy are the elderly, and adults who are mentally retarded or have psychiatric problems as music is used to encourage reminiscence, reality orientation, physical activity and social interaction. Depression and psychotic behavior can also be treated.
Researched By Body and Mind.