Anaemia

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Anaemia

anaemia

 

Anaemia is a disorder of the blood in which the red blood cells are defective in some way.

What to look for

Fatigue, weakness, and a general feeling of malaise. You may be mildly anaemic your skin is pasty or yellowish, your lips look bluish, eyelid linings, nail beds, gums or palm creases are pale... You are almost certainly anaemic.
In addition to feeling weak and tired, you are frequently, dizzy, out of breath and you feel like you are going to faint....You may have severe anaemia.
If your tongue is burning....You may have vitamin B12 anaemia uncommonly your tongue feels slick and you undergo movement or balance problems, Confusion, depression, tingling in the extremities, or memory loss. You may have pernicious anaemia.

Other possible symptoms: Insomnia, decreased appetite, poor concentration, a irregular heartbeat, headaches. For you to stay healthy, the organs and tissues in the human body need a balance supply of oxygen. Anaemia, in which body tissues are removed of oxygen ,it is caused by a decrease in the number of circulating red blood cells or by lacking amounts of an essential protein called hemoglobin. The intensity of anaemia can range from mild to life threatening.
Usually, the heart pumps oxygen depleted blood to the lungs, where haemoglobin in the red blood cells binds to oxygen collected there… Oxygen rich blood then travels through the circulatory system to the rest of the body. Oxygen undernourishment occurs if the body lacks enough numbers of red blood cells, which survive for only about 120 days and must always be replaced. Anaemia can occur if large amounts of blood is lost or if something intervenes with the development of red blood cells or increases their destruction. Because haemoglobin is the main component of red blood cells and the carrier for oxygen molecules, anaemia can also happen if the haemoglobin supply’s is insufficient or if the haemoglobin itself is dysfunctional.
There are more than 400 different forms of anaemia that has been identified, many of them are rare. A person who has anaemia often appears weak ,faint ,pale and may feel breathless. Or unusually aware of a pounding heart.
This disorder may surface from a number of basic conditions, some of which may be genetic, but in many cases poor diet is to blame. Nevertheless some forms of anaemia need supervised medical care, those Arising from unacceptable nutrition can typically be treated at home once a physician has determined the cause.

Causes

 

Anaemia can be the outcome of the body’s bone marrow not making suitable levels of red blood cells, the body is destroying too many blood cells loss of blood (through heavy periods or unnoticed bleeding) or through a Vitamin deficiency in B12, B6 folic acid and iron. Vitamin C is also been found to be helpful in iron deficient anaemia. This problem can be traced to dietary deficiencies. Anaemia in alcoholics occurs because they fail to eat properly. Anaemia can also happen when the digestive system loses its ability to digest key vitamins and minerals.
Iron deficiency anaemia, happens when the body does not store enough iron, the fundamental raw material of haemoglobin. Iron deficiency is normally a eating disorder but in many cases other conditions complicate the picture.
For example, women who loses excessive amounts of blood through heavy menstrual flows (see Menstrual Problems) may have a lower than average iron level. Women who are pregnant or nursing may also have low iron levels because of loss to the developing fetus or because of milk production. Iron deficiency anaemia also afflicts people who have had surgery to remove part of the stomach, thereby impairing the potential to absorb iron.
The most common megaloblastic anaemia is the type caused by folic acid failure. People with this form of anaemia usually is not getting enough folic acid in their diet. While just one cup of spinach provides enough folic acid to meet the recommended daily allowance. For some people, the problem is not caused by dietary weaknesses but by an inability to absorb enough amounts of folic acid.
Certain intestinal disorders, such as some inflammatory bowel diseases and Crohn's disease, as well as some drugs can disrupt the folic acid in the metabolism. A heavy consumption of alcohol can also lower your blood levels of folic acid by interfering with correct nutrition and by hindering the digestive system's ability to absorb the vitamin.
Because most people, mainly those who consume meat and eggs, get plenty of vitamin B12 from their diet, anaemia linked to a vitamin B12 deficiency usually signals the body's inability to absorb the vitamin. This type of anaemia can happen to people who have had surgery along the digestive region.
Although, the most common form of B12 deficiency anaemia, known as pernicious anaemia, results when the stomach fails to produce a chemical that usually combines with vitamin B12 to aid its absorption in the medium intestine Pernicious anaemia is a rare case that most generally affects older people.

Dietary Considerations

 

Just by adjusting your diet to consist of foods which contain iron to eliminate anaemia, Including...rice, carrots, tomatoes, dried beans, enriched breads and cereals, potatoes, broccoli, black strap molasses, and lean red meat. Liver, dried fruits, shellfish, poultry, almonds, Deep green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, lima beans, asparagus, lentils, whole grains egg yolk and mushrooms
There is evidence that recommends that vitamin C and copper help the body to absorb iron, so drink citrus fruit juice with al your meals and make sure that your daily multivitamin contains copper.
Try to Avoid caffeinated or carbonated beverages, calcium supplements, antacids, and black tea Al these things contain ingredients that interrupts with iron absorption.
If you are a low on folic acid, increase your intake of citrus fruits, liver, milk, green vegetables
mushrooms, eggs, and bulking agents like wheat germ and brewer’s yeast.
Pumpkin is also an excellent source of folate, which is the vitamin B complex component of folic acid.
Keep in mind that folic acid is destroyed by heat and light, so fruits and vegetables should be eaten fresh and cooked as little as possible.

When to seek further professional advice

 

If you have any of the symptoms refer to above
And if you have been taking iron supplements and undergo symptoms such as vomiting, bloody diarrhoea, jaundice, seizures, fever or lethargy.
 You may be suffering from iron overload, with can be a life-threatening, especially in the case of children.

Alternative/Natural Treatments
Some of the alternative practitioners approach the disorder through dietary adjustments. Others emphasize. methods to improve the circulation and digestion.
Some of the remedies used to treat anaemia is by promoting better circulation, others by increasing iron absorption, stimulating digestion or adjusting the diet to include more iron- or vitamin rich foods.

Chinese medicine: According to the traditional Chinese medicine, anaemia is evidence of a delicate spleen.
The treatment would involve ways to rejuvenate the spleen. A healthy spleen maintains the health of blood vessels and nourishes the blood itself, while a weak spleen produces insufficient blood. Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) is a useful general tonic to eliminate the weak spots. Dong Quai (Angelica sinensis), another Asian herb, might be prescribed for women with a very heavy menstrual flow. For the people with anaemic that has a sallow, yellowish complexion, a Chinese herbalist might recommend a mixture of Dong Quai and Chinese foxglove root (Rehmannia glutinosa). For the patients that have a stark white complexion, the remedy might be a mixture of ginseng and astragalus (Astragalus membranaceus).

Homoeopathic: Has a number of remedies that may be very helpful in treating anaemia. You will need professional advice where this is concerned .

Herbal Therapies: Parsley, caraway, cumin, dandelion, gentian, nettle and liquorice may help with this condition

Bach Flower Remedies: Olive for tiredness, Hornbeam for energy loss.
 

Traditional Treatment

 

Conventional remedies for anaemia vary from simple eating plan and vitamin supplements to hormone treatments and, in very severe cases may lead to surgery.
Once the blood tests reveal the primary problem the treatment is somewhat simple.
WARNING: Iron is extremely toxic in large quantities. And the excessive use of supplements can lead to iron overload, Maybe resulting in abdominal pain, digestive problems, nutritional imbalances, and can even lead to death, especially in children.
Since vitamin B12 anaemia is nearly always linked to the body's inability to absorb the vitamin through the digestive region, frequent B12 injections are the only recourse Most people learn how to self administer injections at there own homes.
In Few cases of anaemia caused by excessive blood loss, surgery is the only answer. To determine if surgery is necessary, your doctor will do general tests to identify the cause of the bleeding.

The information contained in this Site/Service is not intended nor is it implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice or taken for medical diagnosis or treatment

Author - Body and Mind

Published - 2013-01-17