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Is the enlargement of the joints and it’s causes are varied. There are two main types of arthritis - rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

What to look for


Osteoarthritis - The Stiffness and pain when the joint is moved after time the pain becomes endless. The joints which sustain the weight are the worst affected -lower back, hips, knees, big toes (Being overweight can make the condition worse).

Rheumatoid Arthritis - Painful swelling, swelling, fingers in the same joints on both sides of the body, and stiffness in the arms, wrists, legs, especially when you wake up. Tenderness, joint inflammation, fever and sharp pain, chills, could be associated with an injury, illness.

In children, weight loss, anaemia, intermittent fever, loss of appetite or blotchy rash on the legs and arms may signal juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis happens when the cartilage in a joint ceases to act as a shock absorber and becomes disintegrated by the motion of the joint. There is a frequent loss of bone tissue in the joint. It tends to come on slowly over time and may not be detectable in some people, although an accident or break can also cause it. More common in people over 45. This is the most ordinary form of arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis is slightly more serious then osteoarthritis. It slowly becomes worse over time. The enlargement of the joints can finally become deformed or be destroyed. It can strike anybody between the ages of 25 and 55.


While the process of osteoarthritis is unknown, some people appear to have a genetic predisposition to degenerative bone disorders. In rare cases, genetic bone disorder appears at an early age. Mistreat of anabolic steroids can also bring on early osteoarthritis degeneration. Each of the two major types of arthritic conditions has its own obvious causes... Rheumatoid arthritis… The cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not entirely understood. Some of the researchers think it may be some sort of auto-immune upset. Another theory suggests that it is an immune resistance to a viral infection somewhere in the body or handed-down.

Osteoarthritis… It’s part of the aging process, this is a common degenerative joint disease The circumstance may be identify with broken bones and can develop in young adults from wear and tear on the body’s load-bearing joints ,often the results of athletic activity. In the cases of osteoarthritis, cartilage and bone cannot repair themselves sufficiently to keep up with the damage.

Personal Care


Most important is to exercise regular to keep the joints mobile. People who has weakened, badly deformed fingers from RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS has the advantage of specially designed utensils and door and drawer handles; And people suffering from weakness in the legs and arms from OSTEOARTHRITIS can use special bathroom fixtures, especially tub rails and raised toilet seats. Ask your Pharmacist or your doctor about these things.
It is very important that a balanced program of gentle exercise and rest is highly recommended for both forms of arthritis, with swimming being the best as it takes the weight off the affected areas.
To help relieve the pain, warmth from hot water bottles, wheat bags or a warm bath and cold packs or compresses of water can be good for serious attacks.

 Dietary Considerations

Avoid foods such as potato, tomato, eggplant, and capsicum as these are likely to worsen the condition.
Eat more fish (especially tuna and salmon) fresh fruit and vegetables, cereals, brown rice, whole grain breads ,avocado and plenty of filtered water. Generally low-fat , low-protein and vegetarian diets may ease the pain and inflammation of rheumatoid arthritis.
Avoiding foods like nuts, eggs meats, especially grains and dairy products, tea, coffee and alcohol may stop arthritic symptoms. It would be best If you consult you health practitioner to prepare a special diet for your condition.

Vitamin therapy may relieve certain arthritic symptoms:


Niacin (vitamin B3) may also be helpful, though excessive use may aggravate liver problems.
Vitamins C, B6, B3 and E, as well as Zinc. Vitamin C may also be directed for people taking aspirin, which decreases the body's vitamin C balance.
Beta carotene (vitamin A) has an antioxidant effect on cells, neutralising destructive molecules called free radicals.
Numerous therapists recommend cherries or dark red berries to encourage the production of collagen, essential to cartilage repair.
It is best not to self-diagnose - visit your local pharmacy or naturopath who will be able to advise you on the best options for your particular problem. Always take vitamin supplements under your Doctor guidance, since overdoses of some vitamin compounds can have side effects or undesirable interactions with drugs.

When to seek further professional advice


Then you notice pain and stiffness come on quickly, whether its from an injury or an unknown cause, The pain is accompanied by fever, you will notice pain and stiffness in your legs, arms, or after a night’s sleep , on your back after sitting for s short period,
When a child develops pain or a rash on knees, wrists, armpits, and ankles, or if he/she has fever swings, weight loss or a poor appetite.

Alternative/Natural Treatments


Many people with arthritis uses natural therapies in a effort to ease arthritic pain as traditional treatments have not helped quite. Arthritis patients need to remember that what appears to work for one person under a given set of cases may not work at all for someone else. However, some options are:

Herbal Therapies - You can advise a naturopath or herbalist who may prescribe a herbal mixture of several herbs that may help ease the pain and discomfort of the arthritis. A great extract for this condition is celery juice made fresh.
Homoeopathy - For frequent osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, remedies will be prescribed after consultation.
Body Work - In conjunction with other treatments, massage around affected joints, Gentle touching by a doctor or other practitioner may have a comforting effect on those who suffer from arthritis.
Yoga - May help relax the mind and body and help control the pain. body

Traditional Treatment


Occasionally arthritic damage can be slowed or stopped, but in most cases the damage carries on as the disease runs its course, in spite of whether drugs or other therapies are used to relieve the symptoms. For ordinary pain, stiffness, and numbness, medication is used to relieve pain and enlargement, rest should be taken so that injured tissues can heal themselves, and exercise to rebuild movement and strength. The endurance and emotion of the actual pain and discomfort depend on the type of arthritis and how bad the condition is. The recovery can take a short time for otherwise healthy people or may take longer for older patients.

If you think that you have one of the forms of arthritis, do not ‘just put up with it’. There is products on the market that can help relieve the discomfort of this problem.  If the cases are more advance your Doctor may suggest injections to ease the stiffness and pain of affected joints.
To reduce the inflammation and pain in mild cases of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, your doctor may prescribe an over the counter drug. Your Doctor may blend this drug with intervals of heat applied to the affected area exercise and rest, physical therapy, and physical aids such as walkers and canes. Controlled application of deep heat can soothe affected joints. Ask your Pharmacist to assist you with this.

In the cases of arthritic difficulties from injury or infection, exact therapy will depend on the nature and seriousness of the primary condition. The main concern is healing the affected area before more serious problems occur. Treatment of infectious arthritis typically involves the drainage of excess fluid from the joints and large intravenous doses of antibiotics.
Several forms of surgery may be needed to ease the discomfort of arthritis or to restore movement. The removal of damaged connective tissue can relieve the pain, and allows the body to regenerate new, healthy tissue in its place. The most common operation is in the knee.
In the cases of severe arthritic damage to the neck or foot, bones can be surgically extracted or fused. After such a surgery movement is limited, the operations help to relieve unbearable pain and help prevent the further damaging to blood vessels and nerves When arthritic inflammation and pain truly becomes unbearable, or if arthritic joints refuse to work properly, surgical replacement may be the answer.
Today, shoulder joints, as well as mediumer joints in elbows, hip ,knees, and fingers can be replaces with actual artificial joints made of plastic and stainless steel. Since one of the hardest parts of arthritis is being able to handle the pain, many doctors suggest training in pain management.

The information contained in this Site/Service is not intended nor is it implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice or taken for medical diagnosis or treatment.

Author - Body and Mind

Published - 2013-01-17