Back Care

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Back Care

 

What to look for

If there is any continuous paining or stiffness anywhere in your spine, from the top of your neck to your hips.
If there is sharp, isolated pain in the neck, lower back or upper back, especially if you are picking up heavy      objects or if you are engaging in a intense activity. Especially if there is a frequent ache in the middle or lower part of your back. Back pains is the main health issue in the community nowadays. Your spine supports your upper body and is the center for all our movements. Our spinal column isa an very amazing mechanism, it supports the stability we use to stand up strait and the suppleness we need for active movement. Our spine, or backbone, consisting of 33 vertebrae (24 of them are flexible) is actually a amazing piece of machinery with shock absorbing pads in between them. A healthy spine is S-shaped when viewed from the side, curving back at the shoulders and inward at the neck and small of the back. As well as being the body's main structural member, it houses the spinal cord. The intricate sensory network that runs through the vertebrae to transmit feeling and control movement throughout the entire body.

Causes

 

Pain in the back is usually caused by the inflammation of the joints. Or it could be because of the bruising of the muscles and ligaments by some means. The most commonly back problems are related to your posture. Problems can happen when you stand in a slouched position, or if you sit hunched or sleep on a mattress that too soft. Being overweight increases back problems. Physical defect in your spinal column can also relate to backaches. or it could be because of another disease or condition in some other part of you body . It can also be psychological. Did you know that most of our back problems happens because of our bad habits, It usually develops over a long period of time. Because of Poor posture; Overexertion in work and in play; Sitting wrong at the desk or the steering wheel; Pushing, pulling, and lifting things thoughtlessly..

In many cases back problems develop over a period of time and sometimes the effects are immediately. Straining the bands of muscles surrounding the spine is one of the most common type of back pain you can get. These strains can happen anywhere along the spine, most often in the curve of the lower back.

The population of today is more sedentary than what our ancestors used to be, a high percentage of people spend their working days sitting at there desks, at work stations, or in cars and trucks. These recent changes in our action has had a profound and highly negative impact on the human physiology. By walking a lot or doing physical labour develops good muscle tone in our backs and legs. People who spend most of their day sitting loose their muscle tone, and their backs are the first place that show it. Nevertheless this can be Increased remarkably by starting an exercise programs to strengthen your back muscles.

Lumbago

One of the most commonly form of backaches is the lumbago. It can happen quite suddenly or it can develop over several hours or even in days. The main cause of it is by lifting or twisting, following an injury or there may not be any obvious reason for the pain. The result of this is a tearing of the ligaments and inflammation of the joints between the vertebrae.

Slipped Disc

These disc are pads of tissue is located between each of the vertebrae . This makes up the spine. Each one of these disc are made up of a strong, fibrous outer layer as well as a softer layer, and jellylike inner layer called the nucleus. A slipped disc plainly means that the strong outer layer has cracks open and the softer inner layer bulges out through the crack. The disc protrusion happens where the outer layer of the disc is the weakest. If you have a slightly narrow spinal canal, the protruding disc material pushes on the nerve root. And causes the symptoms of a slipped disc. The most discs that are affected is in the lower back region. When the disc presses on a nerve root, symptoms happens in the area that the nerve root supplies. The most Symptoms in the back include a serious backache, painful muscle spasms with more pain when moving around and relief when you are lying flat.

Wear and Tear

Spinal discs can be subject to normal wear and tear and it can actually wear away. This is very painful and it could be disabling. This is usually a result of aging

Disease

 

Cancer in the vertebrae is very rare, but it can spread to other bones in the body. This is one of the most serious diseases and it makes the patient feel very run down and unwell and should be confirmed by an X-ray or bone scan. Sometimes, backache happens for no obvious reason. Weak muscles can be the cause of back pain as muscles cannot stand normal lifting and general movement. Stress or tension can also worsen the pain. A condition called fibrosis's causes chronic backache from localized muscle tension, which may in turn be psychosomatic in origin. Whatever the reason, the pain is still horrible. Pregnancy normally brings back pain, as do injuries from physical sports, accidents, and falls.

Prevention

Have a good posture Exercise regularly- especially swimming Try not to stay in one position to long. Stand up and stretch after you have been sitting for a while or crouch down for a few moments if you have been reaching up. Make sure you lift correctly with your legs, not your back. Do not bend at the waist to lift something up Support your lower back when you are sitting down. if necessary buy a special cushion , particularly for driving Try and sleep on your side, ensure you have a firm mattress.

Dietary Considerations

Eat more fresh fruit and vegetables, whole meal bread, pasta, brown rice low fat dairy food. Fish and plenty of filtered water.


Call Your Doctor If

You feel a numbness, tingling, or loss of control in your arms or legs; the pain in your back extends downward along the back of the leg; the pain increases when you cough or bend forward at the waist; the pain is escorted by a fever; you may have a bacterial infection. you have dull pain in one area of your spine when lying in or getting out of bed The muscle starts to spasm and throb.

Alternative/Natural Treatments

Yoga is also very helpful. Herbal Therapies: Angelica Root. For the general relief of pain, drink infusions of white willow (Salix alba) or vervain (Verbena officinalis). For inflammation, try teas : lobelia (Lobelia inflata), yarrow (Achillea millefolium), cramp (Viburnum opulus), or white willow. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis), available as a tincture and in capsules, is particularly recommended as a muscle relaxant and sedative.

Traditional Treatment

If you go an see your doctor he/she will want to know if the back pain is related with other problems like nausea, vomiting or abdominal pain etc. Your doctor will usually test you to see how much movement you have to identify The type of back problem you have. Blood and urine tests will make sure the pain is not due to an infection or other systemic problem. X-rays are used in trying to pinpointing if there is any broken bones or other skeletal defects, and it can also sometimes help to locate problems in connective tissue. It is important to rest, and focus on these stages. The best medicine for this is to be in bed with an ice pack , pain relievers, and anti-inflammatory drugs After the inflammation subsides, applying heat can soothe and restore muscles. Continuous bed rest can actually do more harm than good as a program of regular exercises is needed to keep the back muscles working. Physiotherapists can help in this areas bed rest and pain killers are the best remedy for patients with slipped discs.

The information contained in this Site/Service is not intended nor is it implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice or taken for medical diagnosis or treatment

Author - Body and Mind

Published - 2013-01-17