Like most cancers breast cancer in the early stages usually has no symptoms. As the tumour spreads you may notice the following: a lump in the breast , a noticeable flattening or dents on the breast. tenderness or pain in the breast, swelling in the armpit. pitted surface like the skin of an orange, any change in the contour, texture, or temperature of the breast a change in the nipple, such as dimpling, itching or burning, or ulceration or flaking. unusual discharge from the nipple.
Every month when a woman has her menstrual cycle her breasts change, whiles in this time a lump may form, most of theses lumps are not cancerous, any lump that form should be examined immediately by a doctor It usually begins with the development of a medium isolated tumour. Benign tumours (meaning they do not invade other tissue) are one of the tumours the others are malignant, or cancerous. As soon a such a tumour grows to a certain size, it usually gives off cells that then spreads to the other parts of the body through the bloodstream and lymphatic system Some of the breast cancers grows and spreads at a fast rate, and other normally take years to spread beyond the breast. If breast cancer is detected soon enough, then it is very treatable. Getting rid of cancer once it has begin to spread is more difficult, but the treatment can often control the disease for years.
Doctors are uncertain what definitely causes breast cancer, there are certain risk factors that increase the chances of getting the disease in certain women. but they do know of certain risk factors that increase the chances of getting the disease in certain women. (Although some women who are believed to be high risk, do not ever get it and others who are low risk do). If you have had a benign breast lump or cancer of the breast of the ovaries, a family history of breast cancer, advancing age a woman whose close relative has had breast cancer is more likely to develop the disease. when a woman is more exposed to her female hormone oestrogen, she is more vulnerable to breast cancer. (Oestrogen controls cell division , the more the cells divide, the more likely they are to be abnormal in some way, possibly becoming cancerous). A woman’s oestrogen and progesterone levels rises and falls during her lifetime, since she starts her menstruating till she stops, the length of her menstrual cycle and her age at first childbirth can influence the development of breast cancer The risk may increase it the women is taking hormones in the form of birth-control pills or hormone replacement therapy. Overweight is also a risk factor and the drinking of alcohol when breast cancer is detected early the cancer response to the treatment. All women should conduct monthly breast self examinations. A mammogram is recommended for women between the ages of 35 and 55. The deference between benign and malignant lumps: Benign cyst may feel like a round slippery bean, and a tumour may feel thicker and can also cause dimpling of the skin above it. The only way to confirm if a person has cancer is to perform a biopsy and test the tissue sample for cancer cells. If you have malignancy, your doctor needs to know how far the cancer has spread. the cancer cells need to be analysed to check for spreading of metastasis.
Your diet may be important in preventing breast cancer. Eat fruits, vegetables, legumes and grains. Limit your intake of fats from animals , meats, dairy products and butter. Eat plenty of natural fibre and along with vitamins and minerals that protect against breast cancer,
Check your breasts once a month, and have a mammograms annually if you are age 50 or older. Make fruits, vegetables, grains, and fish part of your diet. If you practice contraception, ask your doctor about the pros and cons of oestrogen based birth control pills.
When to seek further professional advice
One or both breasts develop an abnormal lump or recurring pain, or look or feel abnormal or your lymph glands are swollen.
There is no scientifically confirmed method of curing cancer at this moment .
Regular aerobic exercise may suppress some forms of breast cancer
Besides attempting meditation or yoga, many people benefit from group therapy. Relaxation helps the person cope with this decease .
If you do have breast cancer, always study your options before hurrying in and making rash options. Ask as many questions as you can especially to your doctor, specialists and people who have had the disease, think relevant and seek a second opinion. A medium delay before treatment will generally will not do you any harm. breast cancer is treated surgically, depending on how old you are and how healthy you are the surgery is followed usually by some combination of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy.
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