The cervix is at the neck of the uterus (womb), is about 2.5 cm long and has a medium break through it.
What to look for
See section on cervical cancer Some cervical problems have no symptoms.
Cervix is the part that joins the uterus to the vagina. In the center is the external opening of the cervix, this provides an exit for blood during menstruation and tissue of the uterus and also allows sperm to enter. The cervical canal is on the side of the uterine, a narrow, inch-long passageway leading into the uterus. The cervix thins and gradually opens or enlarges during childbirth allowing the delivery of the child
The part of the cervix that extends into the vagina is covered with pink tissue. The part that extends into the cervical canal is covered with red, mucus-producing tissue. The symptoms of a cervicitis an inflammation of the cervix include a discharge that is white, yellow, green or grayish. The other symptoms may include backache or pain during intercourse. Another common condition is cervical erosion that occurs when the cells on the inside of the cervix starts to grow on the outside. Normally there are no symptoms, although now and then it may cause a whitish or slightly bloody vaginal discharge.
Another condition is cervical stenosis (partial or total narrowing of the cervix) this can causes the premature opening of the cervix during pregnancy with creates a high risk of a miscarriage.
The cervix can also be infected by genital warts, this is caused by human papilloma virus. There are many subtypes, several of which can increase the risk of cervical cancer.
Dysplasia is also a potentially serious cervical condition. It left untreated it can cause cervical cancer. The only way to detect the condition is with a Pap smear test.
The causes of cervical problems are many and they differ. Cervicitis can be caused by a sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhoea, syphilis or chlamydia . There are cases where difficult childbirth can cause an infection.
Cervical dysplasia is caused by a subtype of the human papilloma virus, this can also cause cervical cancer, the first test used to diagnose cervical problems is a pap smear, it’s a simple procedure and it is accurate
Practice sexual restraint or use condoms during intercourse use condoms or cervical caps during intercourse to protect you for sexual transmitted diseases. To help prevent cervicitis, eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits. These foods are rich in vitamin C, beta carotene (vitamin A), folic acid, and other nutrients that strengthen the immune system and help fight off some infections. Stop smoking
When to Seek Professional Advice
If you have any of the above symptoms seek professional help.
This may help minor cervical problems Herbal Remedies - Goldenseal flushes are suggested for cervicitis and cervical erosion.
Some harmless cervical problems, such as erosion and cysts, often do not require treatment. However always seek conventional treatment. Cervicitis is normally treated with antibiotics or sulfur drug. However your doctor may recommend that you refrain from intercourse until the infection has cleared up. Having intercourse may spread the infection. . If it is necessary, cervical cysts and polyps can be removed surgically in your doctor's office. Surgery to remove blockage caused by cervical stenosis is normally done in the hospital.
In mild cases cervical dysplasia is treated with laser surgery, if you have recurring dysplasia that fails to respond to the laser treatment you should be tested for the HIV infection.
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