Is a condition where there is an abnormally high level of sugar in the blood.
What to look for
The symptoms vary depending on which type of diabetes is the cause: weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision excessive thirst and appetite nausea, perhaps vomiting increased urination both in the frequency and amount passed, in women, frequent vaginal infections and perhaps the cessation of menstruation in men and women, yeast infections in men, impotence.
Type 1 diabetes:
Rapid weight loss, tired, need to urinate often, very thirsty, hungry, unintentional. May also have stomach pain
Type 2 diabetes: :
No obvious symptoms usually or may have unspecific symptoms such as fatigue, blurry vision, or frequent infections. May be thirsty and urinate often. Gestational diabetes:: Symptoms are rare; may feel tired..
A person suffering from diabetes has too much glucose in there blood (glucose is made when the food we eat is being digested). Because glucose is converted into energy as it travels through the bloodstream, but a person that has diabetes causes this natural process to fail because of the lack of the body’s hormones - insulin. Insulin helps keeps the level of sugar in the blood down to normal level. The pancreas makes the insulin and releases if when necessary. Insulin helps the glucose enter the cells so that it can be used for energy. Diabetes sufferers has a absent of insulin. Because of this the glucose stays in the bloodstream and cannot be used for energy. if there is a high level of glucose in the blood it can cause many complications and any treatment is aimed to reduce the amount in the blood. through a urine test your doctor is able to diagnose diabetes.
There is treatment for both forms of diabetes mellitus requires adjustment of insulin levels in the body and a strict management of diet and exercise. If you pay close attention to the content and timing of your meals, you should be able to minimize or avoid the "seesaw effect" of rapidly changing blood sugar levels which can require quick changes in insulin dosages.
Ask your doctor to help you devise a meal plan to suit you, it is very important to maintain a balanced meal plan. A person with diabetics should avoid sugar because it can lower the body’s glucose tolerance and worsen the circulatory problems. Nutritionists also emphasize the importance of certain foods, vitamins, and minerals.
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When to seek further professional advice
If you have any of the above symptoms more than usual.
You should always be under the supervision of a medical doctor, however here are some alternative treatments which can be used in addition to your conventional treatment. Chinese Herbs Chinese herbal medicines, including ginseng root (Panax ginseng), are commonly used to reduce some symptoms of diabetes; consult a practitioner for a comprehensive treatment plan.
Herbal Therapies : Check to make sure herbs are appropriate for your particular condition. You should remember: If you need insulin to treat your diabetes, there is no herbal replacement for the hormone.
Blueberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) leaves in a decoction may lower the glucose levels in the blood and help them to maintain the vascular system. This remedy may also help to keep the blood vessels of the eye from hemorrhaging if you develop diabetic retinopathy. Clinical and experimental studies has shown buy enhancing your diet with fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum) seeds this can reduce blood glucose and insulin levels while it’s lowering your blood cholesterol. Garlic (Allium sativum) may also lower your blood pressure as well as the levels of your blood sugar and cholesterol. Ginkgo (ginkgo biloba) extracts helps people with there vision other reported benefits of ginkgo includes the reducing the risk of heart disease, hypertension and elevated cholesterol levels. Onion (Allium cepa) may free up insulin to help metabolize glucose in the blood.
Diabetes is treated with food planning, oral medications, and/or insulin injections.
There are different treatment for the type’s of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes: Daily insulin injections, food plan, and exercise.:
Type 2 diabetes: Food plan, exercise, and sometimes oral medications or insulin injections.
Gestational diabetes: Food plan, exercise, and sometimes insulin injections.
Under your doctors supervision, try to work at maintaining your diet and lifestyle to keep the condition in control. try to keep to a healthy weight and you can avoid the disease’s serious symptoms if you are able to do this yourself. Closely monitor your blood sugar levels every day to prevent an attack of hypoglycemia, especially if you have type 1. hypoglycemia is not dangerous if you can recognise the symptoms, this happens when the levels of blood sugar is too low to fulfill your body's energy needs.
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, can bring on a serious diabetic condition known as ketoacidosis, in which the blood becomes increasingly acidic from the accumulation of toxic by-products. this can happen if they do not have enough insulin or if the insulin and glucose levels are not balanced right or if the body suddenly comes under shock or stress or illness. The symptoms for this are : nausea, excessive thirst, wanting to urinate frequently, feeling weak, abdominal pain and rapid deep breathing.
The long-term problems caused by diabetes are: eye damage, problems with the nervous system, kidneys, and cardiovascular and circulatory systems. people that has diabetes have problems because there cuts and sores heal more slowly and diabetics are also prone to gum problems, urinary tract infections, and mouth infections such as thrush. Heart disease, circulatory problems, strokes, kidney failure are also potential threats to the diabetic.
Diet and exercise are normally enough to keep the disease under control, for some type 2 diabetics, but you must see your doctor regularly and if you have any changes of symptoms see your doctor strait away. Exercise should be an important part in the diabetics daily program: see your doctor before starting anything strenuous.
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