Prostate Cancer

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Prostate Cancer

Unfortunately, as with most cancers there are no noticeable symptoms of early prostate cancer, you will only be able to notice if the cancer causes the prostate to swell or if the cancer spreads to other parts of the body. The prostate is a gland found only in males, it is approximately the size of a walnut and has two important functions - producing semen that carries sperm cells, and controlling the flow of urine from the bladder. As it is found near the bladder, the symptoms of prostate cancer will usually effect the bladder as well. Testosterone, which is a male sex hormone that is produced mostly in the testicles, helps regulate the prostate function. Prostate cancer is more common in men later on in life and there are many men who do not even know that they have cancerous cells in their prostate. The cancer may or may not spread and it can lie dormant for many years and cause no noticeable problems or health threats. Once it is activated though, and it spreads, it is a very dangerous threat. Most men will die from it if it spreads beyond the prostate gland by itself. This occurs when a malignant tumor grows through the prostate gland and spread cancer cells to surrounding tissue such as the rectum and bladder, they may even spread into the lymphatic system or bloodstream and then spread to the liver, bones, lungs and other organs. There is a protein however which has been identified in cancerous prostates- if there are high levels of this protein found in the cancerous tissue samples, then the cancer is unlikely to spread or metastasize. However, if there is none of this protein, the cancer will probably spread. Fortunately if the cancer does not spread beyond the prostate gland it can usually be cured. Some of the symptoms in the beginning stages include:

An interrupted or weak urinary stream
Blood in the semen or urine
A frequent need to urinate
A burning sensation when urinating or ejaculating
Difficulty in starting or stopping the urinary stream.

If the condition is left untreated the following symptoms will occur:

Loss of appetite and weight
Stiffness or a dull pain in the lower back, pelvis or upper thighs
Nausea or vomiting
Fatigue

 

Causes

Men over 45 are mostly affected by prostate cancer. Men who have relatives that suffer from prostate cancer are more likely to die of it than others. The cause of prostate cancer is known for sure. Men who eat large amount of fat, especially from red meat and other sources of animal fat, are more likely to develop symptoms of advanced prostate cancer. Fats are known to stimulate the production of testosterone and other hormones, and unfortunately testosterone is responsible for speeding up the growth of prostate cancer and can also cause dormant prostate cancer cells to become active. Eating meat which has been cooked at high temperatures can also be dangerous as they contain carcinogens. So far there is no scientific link between prostate cancer and masturbation, an active sex life, circumcision, infertility, infection of the prostate, an enlarged prostate gland and the use of tobacco or alcohol.

 

At-Home Care

Some men may experience side effects after treatment and your doctor should be consulted on how to control these, symptoms which include diarrhoea, fatigue, dry skin, nausea, uncomfortable urination and other unpleasant side effects. You should also try to rest as much as possible and eat light snacks throughout the day instead of eating three large meals, and try and avoid clothing that irritates your skin.

 

Prevention

You should try to cut down on margarine, oils and butter, eat less red meat and before you cook a chicken you should skin it. Your diet should include a higher intake of poultry, fish, low-fat dairy products and fresh fruit and vegetables. You can avoid creating carcinogens when cooking meat by poaching or roasting it rather than frying or braising.

When to seek further professional advice

If you are suffering from any of the symptoms that are listed above.

 

Alternative/Natural Therapies

Because it is known that eating animal fat is the main cause of prostate cancer, it is advised that men should try to eat a low-fat, high-fibre diet, this advice is especially important for those men with a family history of the disease. It has also been found that men with chronic deficiencies of selenium or vitamin A are prone to advanced prostate cancer. It is wise to speak to your doctor before you start taking any of these nutrients as they can both be toxic in high doses. Natural sources of vitamin A can be found in liver, lamb and in most yellow and green fruits and vegetables.

 

Traditional Treatments

Before being treated, it is advised that you seek several opinions from professional doctors with regard to your condition and then you will be treated according to what type of prostate cancer you are suffering from. Depending on the diagnosis your treatment can include a combination of surgery, radiation therapy and hormone therapy. Surgery involves removing the prostate and the nearby lymph nodes. You should consult your doctor about the implications and side effects that may occur after this particular operation. Everyone who suffers from prostate cancer needs to be examined on a regular basis so as to ensure that the problem does not recur.

 

The information contained in this Site/Service is not intended nor is it implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice or taken for medical diagnosis or treatment.

 

Author - Body and Mind

Published - 0000-00-00